Rural institutional development

Baseline Survey of Road Quality and Accessibility for the Urban Infrastructure Project in Bishkek and Osh

Within the framework of the Bishkek and Osh Cities Infrastructure Project (PGIBO), it was planned to build and improve the condition of 39 roads, providing a solid all-weather coverage of the existing on the territory of these settlements dirt roads with a total length of 21.1 km - from 1 to 11 roads on the territory of each new buildings participating in the project.

The goal of PGIBO was to improve the accessibility, quality and efficiency of the infrastructure services provided to residents of new buildings participating in the PGIBO in order to improve their living conditions and promote their social and economic integration into the urban community.

The objective of the study was to conduct a baseline assessment of socio-economic indicators in seven new buildings around the city of Bishkek participating in the PSIBO, implemented by ARIS and funded by the World Bank. Within the framework of this project, RDF was involved in the implementation of a quantitative study.

Key facts
Years of implementation:   2009-2010
Place of implementation:   g. Bishkek, Chuy region
Donor:   Development and Investment Agency (ARIS)

Objective of the project
The study was aimed at collecting primary qualitative information on the quality and availability of infrastructure services (roads) provided in new buildings in Bishkek for the subsequent assessment of the impact of the project in selected new buildings.
The baseline assessment determined the baseline value of the indicators as of December 2009, by which it will be possible to assess the impact of the Project on the quality of life of residents of new buildings and the impact of road improvements on the socio-economic development of these new buildings. The magnitude and rate of change resulting from the Project road improvements will be established by comparing these baselines with data that will be collected in subsequent studies.

Location of the project
The survey was conducted in 7 new buildings in Bishkek - Ak-Orgo, Ak-Ordo, Dordoi, Dostuk (Kasym), Tynchtyk, Kalys-Ordo and Kara-Zhygach.
RDF specialists identified 3 clusters to ensure the representativeness of the sample, the selection of households was based on the principle of a pyramid, that is, depending on the distance of households from the main road, the distribution of the number of respondents.
Cluster 1: the number of respondents to participate in the survey and focus groups, which are located at a distance from 0 to 50 meters from the road, amounted to 46% of all respondents in one new building.
Cluster No. 2: the number of respondents who are at a distance of 51 to 200 meters from the road was 35% of all respondents in one new building.
Cluster 3: the number of respondents who are located at a distance of 201 to 500 meters from the road was 19% of all respondents in one new building.

Assessment indicators
The first group of indicators: Information about respondents, their houses and land plots.
The second group of indicators: Information about own vehicles, access to roads and public transport services.
The third group of indicators: Access to social infrastructure facilities and services, economic infrastructure facilities.
The fourth group of indicators: Perceptions of the quality of roads and expectations related to the improvement of their condition.

Research results
The results of the study of indicators of the impact of the planned construction on the quality of life of the population revealed the expectations of residents on the roads in the prospect of reducing future costs of transport services, and saving time. Social indicators were studied in relation to living conditions in new buildings, as measured by the population's access to social services (medical services, education).
Roads play a significant role in the lives of residents of new buildings, especially poor people who use public transport, which affects their safety, travel time, access to medical and educational institutions, markets and social and cultural opportunities. Bad roads negatively affect the family budget of residents of new buildings.

The overwhelming majority of people living in new buildings are dissatisfied with the quality of roads in their new buildings. The roads in all new buildings included in the Project are in poor condition, some are simply unpaved, others are covered with pebbles.
All study participants supported the Project and voiced their hopes that road reconstruction would improve their living standards. People have high hopes for improving roads in new buildings in terms of safety, transportation costs. They expect the renovated roads to add value to their homes. Residents of new buildings hope that the repaired roads will affect the access of public transport and the cost of its services will decrease.

Thus, the results obtained indicate that all new buildings require significant investments in infrastructure. Since these new buildings were built without proper planning or attraction of sufficient financial resources, their infrastructure is either in a deplorable state or is completely absent.